26-27.3.23 GOAPSC Daily Current Affairs

Of nearly 30,000 MSMEs registered in Goa, 6,000 are owned by women
Of the 29,769 Goan business enterprises registered with the Union ministry of micro, small & medium enterprises (MSMEs), 22% or 6,578 are women-owned entities, stated the data released by the Centre on Thursday. As expected, a significant number of women-owned MSMEs, 6,467, are in the micro category.
What is intriguing is that just 7% of the 111 medium-category enterprises are owned and managed by women entrepreneurs. Medium-category enterprises are businesses that have an annual turnover of up to Rs 100 crore, and in Goa just eight medium business houses have women at their helm.
The Centre has taken a number of steps to support MSMEs, particularly women-owned enterprises, and has launched special drives for the registration of women-owned MSMEs under the Udyam Registration portal.
India has 28 lakh women-owned MSMEs registered and classified under Udyam since July 2020, of which 98% fall under the micro category.
The Union ministry implements the Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP), which is a major credit-linked subsidy initiative aimed at generating self-employment opportunities, and of the total PMEGP beneficiaries, 39% are women.
To widen the scope of MSMEs, retail and wholesale traders have been included in the MSME category.
Bangladesh commissions its first submarine base
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina inaugurated the first submarine base of Bangladesh ‘BNS Sheikh Hasina’ at Pekua in Cox’s Bazar. Hailing the newly inaugurated naval base as an ‘ultra modern submarine base’, Prime Minister called the event a proud chapter in the history of Bangladesh navy.
It will allow for safe and swift movement of the submarines in case of emergency, as the base is located at the Bay of Bengal.
The Government of Bangladesh signed an agreement with China in September 2019 for the construction of the submarine base.
The government of Bangladesh is working on ‘Forces Goal 2030‘ to transform its military force into a modern organization appropriate for the times
Indian Government issues First Sovereign Green Bond 
HDFC Asset Management investment manager of HDFC (MF) recently filed for India’s first target maturity funds in order to track Sovereign Green Bonds (SGrBs).
It includes tracking of the HDFC Nifty India Sovereign Green Bond Jan 2028 Index Fund as well as the HDFC Nifty India Sovereign Green Bond Jan 2033 Index Fund.
The Government of India issued these sovereign green bonds which will be used in public sector projects. It can help to curb the carbon intensity of the economy.
India develops own model for estimating TB cases in country
India has become the first country in the world to have developed a country-level mathematical model to estimate the prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) cases, official sources said.
Using this model, TB incidence and mortality estimate data for India will be available by March every year, months before the annual WHO estimates are released in October, they said, adding that India can also prepare similar estimates at the state level in future.
The model was presented before the delegates from 40 countries taking part in the 36th Stop TB Partnership Board meeting in Varanasi last week. Most of them lauded it saying they would want to implement it in their countries.
According to WHO, the TB mortality rate (per 10,000) in 2021 was estimated to be 35, which reduced to 23 in 2022 as per the Indian model. WHO’s TB mortality absolute numbers were estimated to be 4.94 lakh in 2021. The Indian model suggested it was 3.20 lakh in 2022
Working on policy to make organ donation easier: PM Modi
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Sunday appealed to people to donate organs, and said his government was working on a uniform policy to make the process easy and to encourage the life-saving exercise.
In this direction, it has also been decided to remove the condition of domicile of the states, that is, now the patient will be able to go to any state of the country and register themselves for receiving the organs, the PM said. In 2013, India recorded less than 5,000 cases of organ donation; but in 2022, this number increased to over 15,000, Modi said.
Leprosy cases increased by 15.7% in 2021-22, over 88k active cases
 India achieved the “elimination of leprosy as a public health problem” as per World Health Organization (WHO) criteria of less than one case per 10,000 population at the national level in 2005. However, data shows the number of leprosy cases has again risen in the country.
The data presented by the Union minister of health and family welfare, Mansukh Mandaviya, revealed that the number has increased by 15.7% in 2021-22 as compared to the previous year. From 65,147 in 2020-21, it increased to 75,394 in 2021-22. Till January 2023, there were 88,278 active cases of chronic infectious disease in the country.
As per the data, till January 2023, a maximum 17,014 cases were reported in Maharashtra, followed by Bihar (11,318), UP (10,312), Chhattisgarh (7,422), Madhya Pradesh (7,313), Jharkhand (6,184), Odisha (6,088) and West Bengal (5,012).
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