Social forestry means the management and protection of forests and afforestation on barren lands with the purpose of helping in the environmental, social and rural development. The National Commission on Agriculture (1976) has classified social forestry into three categories. The main thrust of social forestry is to reduce pressure on the traditional forest areas by … Read more DMPQ-Briefly describe the major components of social forestry. Also mention the significance of it.
. The salient features of the Draft National Water Policy (2012) are presented below: Emphasis on the need for a national water framework law, comprehensive legislation for optimum development of inter-State rivers and river valleys, amendment of Irrigation Acts, Indian Easements Act, 1882, etc. Water, after meeting the pre-emptive needs for safe drinking water and … Read more DMPQ-. Discuss the salient features of India’s national water policy.
Global warming due to GHGs and Ozone depletion may have following adverse consequences: Faster snow melting and glacier depletion Melting of glaciers will put close to half of world’s population under threat from flooding in short term and draughts, water and power shortages in long run. Siachin Glacier has retreated by around 1 km in … Read more DMPQ-Throw light on the potential consequences we are witnessing because of global warming.
. India’s policy on climate change can be broadly divided into two phases – one in which it strictly adhered to ‘Historical Responsibility’ slogan and the other when it diluted it as it became a bigger economy and bigger polluter. India has become third largest emitter of GHG in absolute terms only behind China, which … Read more DMPQ-Discuss India’s climate change policy and also mention the changes brought in it overtime.
. The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits has been negotiated under the aegis of CBD to fulfill one of the objectives of CBD i.e. to promote equitable sharing of benefits arising out of use of genetic resources. It was signed by CoP in Nagoya, Japan. Once … Read more DMPQ-Briefly discuss the significance of Nagoya protocol, 2010 in the conservation of biodiversity.
Kyoto protocol set ambitious goals for countries but couldn’t meet them. Reasons for the failure of Kyoto protocol are as follows: Though Kyoto was legal, it didn’t have provision of enforcing penalties, as a result developed countries failed to meet the target and also got away with that. Developing countries criticized this protocol from the … Read more DMPQ- Explain why Kyoto protocol couldn’t achieve it’s goals.
. In a bid to curb carbon emissions and global warming, Kyoto Protocol was signed among various countries and it entered into force in 2005 which marked the beginning of its first commitment period till 2012 (second commitment period was agreed from 2013-20). It was an extension of UNFCCC and a concrete plan to bring … Read more DMPQ- . Briefly discuss the Kyoto protocol. Also mention the two major instruments of this protocol.
. Like all industries, the generation of electricity produces waste. Whatever fuel is used, the waste produced in generating electricity must be managed in ways that safeguard human health and minimise the impact on the environment.For radioactive waste, this means isolating or diluting it such that the rate or concentration of any radionuclides returned to … Read more DMPQ-“Nuclear waste is quickly becoming the most dangerous challenges for the world.” Elucidate.
A signatory to the Stockholm Declaration (1972) on Environment, India enacted laws to control water (1974) and air (1981) pollution soon after. But it was only after the Bhopal gas leak disaster in 1984 that the country legislated an umbrella Act for environmental protection in 1986. Exemptions All inland waterways projects and expansion/widening of national … Read more DMPQ- . Throw light on the salient features of draft Environment Impact Assessment (EIA), 2020.
single-use plastics are goods that are made primarily from fossil fuel–based chemicals (petrochemicals) and are meant to be disposed of right after use—often, in mere minutes. Single-use plastics are most commonly used for packaging and serviceware, such as bottles, wrappers, straws, and bags. The bigger challenge is to put in place an efficient waste management … Read more DMPQ- What is single use plastic? Explain how management of single use plastic pollution is a severe challenge for India.